THE RELIGIOUS FACE OF EUROPE AND ITS SOCIOLOGICAL INTERPRETATIONS
Languages of publication
The basic purpose of this article is to give some thought to the matter of the current religious situation in Europe and its sociological interpretations. 'The religious face' is presented from two points of view: on one hand the place of religion and Churches in the social structure of Europe is analyzed, on the other hand the religiousness of the European societies is examined. Both issues are prone to various sociological interpretations referring to the essence and form of religion's presence in Europe. The second matter seems to be the most questionable and inspires numerous disputes. This is debated in the third part of the paper. The religious face of the European societies can be seen dramatically different in the subjective eyes of its members. Sociologists accepting the assumptions of the secularization theory persuade that European societies are mostly secularized, (empty churches in the European cities prove it). Assuming the theory of religious privatization (and related concepts of Daniele Hervieu-Léger and Wlodzimierz Pawluczuk) the European societies are religious in a different way - beyond the institutions and the Church.
Publication order reference
CEJSH db identifier