TELEWORK, VIRTUAL TEAMS - ROLE AND CHALLENGES IN THE 21ST CENTURY (Telepraca, zespoly wirtualne - rola i wyzwania w XXI wieku)
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Political and economic changes taking place in developed countries since the late nineties led to a major transformation of work systems, creating new types of work, such as telework, virtual teams or work at a distance. The very term teleworking and virtual teams or virtual organizations are quite new in the world of scientific literature. In fact, they appeared in the late twentieth century together with the development of technology, computing, communication systems and this in turn led to an even greater access to information. Continuous technological development has even greater than ever influence on management, and especially on the improvement and creation of value added. The amount of digital information is constantly growing in all fields: sent over the Internet, telephone networks and the use of other forms of electronic media. This article explains the concept of telework, virtual teams, and focuses on the consequences of their usage in practice by companies which are operating in Poland, such as IBM, Hewlett-Packard, McKinsey & Company, UPS, Irevna or companies belonging to the so-called 'Big Four'.
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