PL EN


Journal
2011 | 1(58) | 133-143
Article title

Klęska Heliodora według Drugiej Księgi Machabejskiej a przybytek Miki w interpretacji Pseudo-Filona

Title variants
EN
The Defeat of Heliodorus according to 2 Macc in Relation to Micah Sanctuary Interpreted by Pseudo-Philo
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The story of Heliodorus' defeat in 2 Macc depicts God's extraordinary victory over His enemies. The defeat of Heliodorus and his troops described as a personal work of God is an event which happened without any direct human intervention. The present article analyzes this issue in light of ancient heroes' fights with a deity. These heroes paid the penalty not so much as a consequence of their fight, but because of their revelation of a supernatural power. The juxtaposition of many ancient sources, in which we find both the fights of heroes against gods and 'crime and punishment' themes, reveals the conventionality of literary forms used by hagiographers. Pseudo-Philo's LAB is one of the works in which this tradition is present. The story about Mica's idolatrous sanctuary contains some threads which are analogous to 2 Macc, and can be examined from two perspectives. The fi rst one concerns a detailed description of punishment, whereas the second one focuses on an ironic dimension of the story. The analysis proposed in this research presents the composition of 2 Macc 3 as a certain literary convention. At the same time, it connects the rules of interpretation of this text with those relating to historical legends about theomachoi.
Contributors
  • ul. Mireckiego 20/1, 42-200 Czestochowa,, Poland
References
  • W.C. Booth, A Rhetoric of Irony (The University of Chicago Press: Chicago and London, 1974)
  • H. Le Cornu, J. Shulam, A Commentary on the Jewish Roots of Acts, vol. I: Acts 1-15 (Academon: Jerusalem, 2003)
  • M. B. Dagut, “II Macchabees and Death of Antiochus IV”, JBL 72 (1953)
  • L. H. Feldman, Studies in Hellenistic Judaism (AGAJU 30; Brill: Leiden, 1996)
  • I. Fröhlich, „Historiographie et aggada dans le Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum du Pseudo-Philon”, AAASH 28 (1980)
  • R. von Harnack, Medizinisches aus der ältesten Kirchengeschichte (Texte und Untersuchungen; Leipzig 1892)
  • H. Jacobson, Commentary on Pseudo-Philo's Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum: With Latin Text and English Translation (AGAJU 31; Brill: Leiden 1996)
  • M. R. James, The Biblical Antiquities of Philo (Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge: London, 1917)
  • F. Murphy, “Retelling the Bible: Idolatry in Pseudo-Philo”, JBL 107 (1988)
  • W. Nestle, “Legenden vom Tode der Gottesverächter”, ARW 33 (1936)
  • T. Nicklas, Irony in 2 Maccabees? w: G. G. Xeravits, J. Zsengellér (red.), The Books of the Maccabees: History, Theology, Ideology. Papers of the Second International Conference on the Deuterocanonical Books, Pápa, Hungary, 9-11 June, 2005 (SJSJ 118, Brill: Leiden 2007)
  • E. Reinmuth, Pseudo-Philo und Lukas. Studien zum Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum und seiner Bedeutung für die Interpretation des lukanischen Doppelwerks (WUNT 2/74; Mohr Siebeck: Tübingen, 1994)
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
11PLAAAA105515
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.59314e5a-3e43-3761-9f46-a27714c32826
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