ETHNOLINGUISTICS, FOLK STUDIES, ETHNOPHILOLOGY?
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The author investigates the relationship between ethnolinguistics and folk studies from the perspective of the folk researcher who desires to protect the autonomy of his discipline both relative to the anthropology of culture and to ethnolinguistics, a discipline akin to folk studies. The author's view is that 'folk studies maintain their identity by virtue of focusing on the verbal text', subjected to esthetic judgments, a text being always characterized by features of a certain genre. While remaining in the realm of texts, their genres and the issues connected with classifying folk phenomena, folk studies may be inspired by ethnolinguistics, which investigates a much broader spectrum of texts and reconstructs the worldview of the speaker, rather than the researcher. By broadening its scope of interest onto the questions dealt with by ethnolinguists, folk studies may be termed 'ethnophilology'.
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