ETYMOLOGY OF THE NAME SVAROG AND SOME INDIAN AND IRANIAN PARALLELS (Etymologia mena Svarog a niektore indicke a iranske paralely)
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This paper is an attempt to the etymology of the theonym Svarog, based on the old Indo-European morality. The absence of Svarog in the Kiev pantheon of Vladimir the Great is regarded in the broader context of Slavic mythology. Both Svarog and Volos, absent gods in the pantheon, are considered to be evil gods, i.e. non-warrior gods. The name Svarog is then derived from svariti. This etymology is supported by four important arguments: 1. as the Greek equivalent of Svarog has been mentioned Hephaestus, the god of blacksmiths, craftsmen and above all earth-born fire; 2. Svarog has been connected with the forging of weapons; 3. the oldest interpretation has associated with the punishment of the stake for women practicing polyandry; 4. Svarog has had an excellent parallel in the Scythian religion (the fire deity Tabiti).
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