PL EN


2009 | 70 | 4 | 342-353
Article title

Lambda-abstrakce a neurčitá zájmena v úzkém a širokém ohnisku

Authors
Content
Title variants
EN
LAMBDA-ABSTRACTION AND INDEFINITE PRONOUNS IN NARROW AND BROAD FOCUS
Languages of publication
CS
Abstracts
EN
Czech indefinite pronouns like 'nekdo' (someone) (unlike indefinite nouns like 'penize' (money)) cannot be pronounced in their base (postverbal) position unless they are interpreted as narrowly focused. Broad focus (focus on the whole verb phrase) is only facilitated with indefinite pronouns in a derived (preverbal) position. The analysis in this paper makes use of the fact that Czech indefinite pronouns are morphologically related to wh-words. It is argued that wh-words in Czech denote lambda-operators, which are viewed as functions from truth values to predicates. It follows that wh-words (and indefinite pronouns) must be interpreted in the sister-node of an expression denoting a truth value and therefore can never be interpreted in their base position. Finally, it is suggested how the analysis could be used to account for the behavior of the indefinite pronoun 'kdokoliv' (anyone), which is (under certain conditions) interpreted as a free choice item in a narrow focus (postverbal) position and as a negative polarity item in a broad focus (preverbal) position.
Contributors
  • Radek Simik, University of Groningen, CLCG, Postbus 716, Groningen, 9700 AS, Netherlands; http://dlib.lib.cas.cz/4668/
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
09CZAAAA067817
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.5b2ba1ce-8554-3ebb-a793-f99b1dd55083
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.