In the first part of the article the authoress presents the theoretical context of her research - the development of the anthropological reflection on cultural gender. In the second part she discusses the method and preliminary results. Research was conducted among members of two woman-led millenaristic religious movements - Brahma Kumaris and the Legion of Small Knights. The process of conversion/involvement in the movement is perceived as reconstruction of the gender identity. At the same time, it can be analysed as a form of non-verbal cultural criticism. Consequently, studies into cultural gender and religion are part of the general trend of anthropological studies into resistance.