PL EN


2006 | 30 | 585-595
Article title

Once Again on the Etymology of 'Soviius'

Authors
Title variants
Languages of publication
LT
Abstracts
EN
The name 'Soviius' was attested in 'Chronograph' in 1262. There are three etymologies of this name: (a) Jonas Basanavicius and Norbertas Velius derive it from the Lithuanian pronoun 'savas' (one's own); (b) Algirdas Julius Greimas relates it to the Lithuanian verb 'sáuti' (to shoot), and Bronislava Kerbelyte reinforces this interpretation by folklore evidence; and (c) Vladimir Toporov traces this name to Proto-Indo-European *saue- (*su-, *sue-) (the sun). A more thorough examination of the fifteenth-century Archival copy (kept in the Russian State Archive of Early Acts, Moscow) and of the sixteenth-century Vilnius copy (Library of the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences, Vilnius) reveals a previously overlooked fragment of the text about Soviius. This paper presents a textological analysis of the Soviius legend. A more thorough research leads to the conclusion that the legend was most probably translated by a person of Baltic extraction. The text contains a number of dative constructions (dativus absolutus) peculiar to Old Lithuanian and rarely met with in Old Russian texts. Its analysis allows to conclude that the name Soviius comes ultimately from Lith. 'savojo' (of one's own).
Year
Volume
30
Pages
585-595
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
author
  • I. Lemeskin, Institute of Slavic and East-European studies, Faculty of Arts and Philosophy, Charles University, nám. Jana Palacha 2, 116 38 Praha 1, Czech Republic
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
07PLAAAA02144519
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.5c0d825a-4a1f-3f7a-8a94-1826e7fce80b
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