POLES IN FRENCH ÉMIGRÉS UNITS SERVING IN THE BRITISH ARMY FIGHTING NAPOLEON
Languages of publication
7After the beheading of Louis XVI in 1793, many French found a refuge from the guillotine in the coalition army fighting the new French Republic. Most French units of émigrés fought under British command. The article traces a considerable presence of Poles serving in these units from the very beginnings of their formation. The 'Chasseurs Britanniques' regiment was composed mostly of Italian soldiers, but almost a quarter came from Poland. Using the conscription lists from the years 1801-1806, lists of losses from the years 1810-1814, Chelsea Hospital archives and a list of a dissolved regiment 'Forberg', 420 Polish names have been established, of which 309 have a note 'Poland'next to them. Second unit that in theory was supposed to gather French emigrants was the 'Dillon' regiment. Pay lists from 23rd of February 1800 show 23 Polish names. The biggest increase of Poles comes in autumn 1806 however, and pay lists from that period show that 72 Poles served there. Considering that Dillon regiment numbered around 750 people, 10% of its soldiers were Polish.
Publication order reference
CEJSH db identifier