The article explores the links between the work of Grzegorz Musial and that of Witold Gombrowicz. In retrospect, their relationship, which began with Musial's following in his master's footsteps, can be described as a gradual loosening of what used to be a close tie. Especially in his texts published since 1989 references to Gombrowicz can be surprisingly frank. Yet for all his critical comments Musial continues to be inspired by Gombrowicz's strategies of self-creation. Moving beyond the usual patterns of dependence he successfully adopts Gombrowicz's style of autocreation and transforms his interactive philosophy of 'interhumanity' into a discourse of identity and a critical tool of cultural analysis (in the mode of the hermeneutics of suspicion). The differences between the two writers are determined in the first place by their disagreement on the issue of the obligations of literature: Gombrowicz cannot possibly meet Musial's more stringent requirements.