2008 | 40 | 5 | 391-416
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Violence, including violence committed by youth, can be by using 'thick description' identified as specific human behaviour, focused on extortion of carrying out the wishes, interests, acts, commands, and regulations. Violence is in the most of the cases associated with power or predominance. The 'thick description' represents very detailed, literally microscopic reckoning of what is violence and it originated from paradigm and theoretical-methodological concept of phenomenology. Aggression and violence, in a similar way as money, became universal fetishes of the contemporary societies. They are becoming a generally recognised issue in which probably all people are interested in. There are discouraging theories and according to them the increasing violence and aggression became the symptom of self-destruction of our civilization which draw its universality and legitimacy from its constitutional non-violence. By aggression we often refer to offensive behaviour, which usually follows as a reaction to real or apparent threat of one's own (above all) authority, and is very often a demonstration of anger. The sociological meaning of aggression contains also an intention, i.e. intentional abuse. On the present we are witnesses of the continuing discussions if aggression is primal meaningful force which enables solutions of the aims in life and the life's questions or if it is destructive potential in a human being which has to be necessarily shunted by upbringing or training (self training). The determination of violence is very inaccurate although it forms part of our everyday experience. It denotes the most frequent definition of one-shot act or more precisely procedure where at a human being causes a personal injury to someone else. Other characteristics discuss any acts including neglect which influences life, physical and psychical integrity, individual liberty and it discusses any other acts impairing personal development. The multivalent concept of violence gives evidence the fact that it is also used for definition of a form of intervention in the different types of the relations (interpersonal, foreign, relations between institutions) and its sphere is modified by the legal authorities. The essential categories of violence are pain and threat of suffering. Violence that is causing harm is a source of helplessness of a victim and at the same time it is a demonstration of a perpetrator's dominant power over her or his victim. The whole society as well as social sciences should concentrate their efforts in search for solutions for the continuous and growing violence, as a global phenomenon in which an important role will have to be played not only by the state and the public administration but also by all spheres of civil society.
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  • P. Ondrejkovic, Katedra sociologie FF UKF, Stefanikova 67, 949 74 Nitra, Slovak Republic
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