This article analyses the phenomenon of self-employment and entrepreneurship among the 20-35-year-olds in the two country contexts; Poland and Ireland, and the capital cities of Warsaw and Dublin, respectively, in 2005. It seeks to compare motivations driving the choice of an autonomous style of work; role of social capital both for decisions to start up as well as for subsequent economic performance; the value of an institutional environment for entrepreneurial efforts. It examines such aspects through the prism of the economic and socio-cultural characteristics of the countries in question. By this, the article draws a broad picture of findings that may inform individual as well as macro-related characteristics of entrepreneurship.
Olga Krzyzanowska, European University Institute, Florence, Italy
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