ON THE MORPHOSYNTACTIC MARKING OF THE ADDRESSEE WITH THE POLISH VERBA DICENDI 'mówic' AND 'powiedziec': LEXICAL MEANING, SYNTACTIC MEANING, VARIATION
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The paper deals with the morphosyntactic marking of the addressee in the context of the verbs 'mówic / powiedziec'. The verbs 'mówic / powiedziec' show two types of marking: dative and/or prepositional marking (do + Gen). As an introduction, the lexical-semantic structure of these verbs and its importance for the choice of the formal marker as described by Lazinski (1997) and Dabrowska's semantic approach of (1979) are presented and discussed. In the following corpuslinguistic analysis, the authors analyse the relevance of different syntactic, semantic and pragmatic contexts of the verba dicendi for morphosyntactic marking. These contexts can be put into a hierarchic order based on the different degrees to which the reporting speech act is independent of the reported speech act (that is, the original message). The choice of the formal marker is shown to be linked to this hierarchy, which resembles the hierarchy of 'the cline of interference (of the narrator) in report', proposed by Leech & Short (1981, 1995) in a different context.
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