AMBROZY GRABOWSKI AND HIS PROBLEMS WITH CENSORSHIP (Ambrozego Grabowskiego klopoty z cenzura)
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Censorship activities on the 19th century book publishing market in Cracow have been and are of interests to many historians and library scientists. It is sufficient to mention the names of T. Gutkowski, J. Bieniarzowna, B. Szyndler or A. Aleksiewicz. These studies show both dependency of the book and press publishers on censorship injunctions and problems with distribution of texts coming from official and clandestine book trade. In Cracow, restrictions forced by censorship were evolving reflecting changes in policy of invaders. An important event was the establishment in 1831 of the Committee of Censorship with its activities based upon their Austrian origins. When analyzing contemporary problems of publishers and booksellers or depicting censorship in the context of social life of the city, one can not ignore Ambrozy Grabowski - historian and art collector, lover of national memorabilia, but also writer and publisher, bookseller and antiquarian, astute observer of life. His relationship with censors concerned both his writing, publishing and bookselling. Preserved sources show his relation to the contemporary system of censorship on all these levels. This article analyzes censorship interference in author's writings by Grabowski as well as interference in his bookselling work associated with illegal distribution of emigration prints, among others by: A. Mickiewicz, J. Lelewel, M. Mochnacki or H. F. de Lamennais. Grabowski's work was interrupted by search of his bookstore conducted in 1836 resulting in his trial. In his notes, he frequently referenced to the problem of censorship in Cracow - describing people and events associated with those practices. All of this makes it worthwhile to learn more about relationship of this figure with local censorship over many years and on several levels mentioned here.
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