The matter of analyzing is the heritage of Vadym Ivanov, the talented philosopher who was well known amongst Soviet intellectuals of 60s - 80sh of the last century. The article covers researching efforts of the best Soviet philosophers aimed at reconstruction and getting a new vision of the foundations and principles of Marxist philosophy. The analysis also includes the diagnostic description: of how their searching for the deepest principles of Soviet Marxist philosophy reflected the changes of both the state of social affairs and the public's self-consciousness; of the late Soviet philosophy's attempts to clarify the ontology of social on a basis of early Marx's works; of the way of formulating the notion of pure sociality (by V. Ivanov) as well as the analogical notion of ideality (by E. Ilienkov) in the philosophy of the considered period. Using the comparison of the reconstructed metaphysics of Soviet philosophy with analogous ideas of Descartes, Spinoza, and Hegel, on the one hand, and Husserl's critic of Cartesian metaphysics, on the other hand, the author demonstrates the so called fatal mistake made by the Marxist philosophers. Comparing the key Marxist views analyzed by the Soviet philosophers with analogous ones in contemporary communicative philosophy (K.-O. Apel, J. Habermas, O. Hoeffe) the author arrives at a conclusion that the deeper critical research of the matter should be done by Ukrainian philosophers
Yevhen Bystrytsky Filosofska dumka, Redaktsia, Institut filosofii im. H.S.Skovorody NAN Ukrainy, vul. Triokhsviatytelska, 4, 01001, Kyiv-01, Ukraine.
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