EUROPE AND ITS SHADOW. HISTORY AND METAPHOR (Europa i jeje cien. Historia i metafora)
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An attempt at an anthropological view of the history of twentieth-century Europe from the point of view of metaphorology. The author tried to reconstruct its cultural and ideological idiom via the prism of two metaphorical figures: the 'ome' and the 'spirit'. Consequently, he conducted a more detailed analysis of the contents of such expressions as: 'the European Home' (an instructive example being the book by the French politologist T. Delpech: 'Savage Century: Back to Barbarism') and the 'Spirit of Europe' (an important vision from a collection of lectures by the Czech philosopher and theologian Tomás Halik: 'Summoned or Not, God Shall Appear'). The knowledge about the essence of the 'European quality' (especially in its twentieth-century form) that emerges from an analysis of the two expressions does not incline towards optismism. The texts by both authors disclose that apparently 'the European Home' denotes not only a safe region, but also the dark 'basements' inhabited by phantoms. In turn, the 'Spirit of Europe' is an expression that, alongside bright connotations, also contains sinister (wild and untamed) regions of the subconscious. Only the inclusion of those undesired and forgotten spaces into living European awareness (a sui generis counterpart of Jung's 'integration of the shadow') can become a condition for its spiritual renascence.
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