CONDITIONS FOR THE EMERGENCE OF THE RIGHT TO BENEFITS AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION WITHIN THE SYSTEM OF STRUCTURAL PENSIONS IN AGRICULTURE
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The early retirement pension scheme for farmers, envisaged in the Rural Development Areas Plan 2004-2006 (PROW), aimed at agricultural land concentration in viable economically farm and thus at counteracting the negative phenomena of fragmented agrarian structure in the Polish agriculture. The core of this scheme is offering farmers early retirement pensions in exchange of agricultural land release for agriculture structure improvement. The entitlements to early retirement pensions for farmers are provided with personal and object clauses. However, the legal regulations implementing the scheme in question were significantly liberalized in the PROW in comparison with the earlier ones. As a result of that persons loosely connected with agriculture could apply for the early retirement pensions thus bringing about low efficiency of its structural functions and low effectiveness of public funds spent for its implementation. Therefore, it is necessary to modify the existing legal regulations. Persons without satisfactory period of participation in the social security scheme for farmers and not transferring agriculture land for purpose of agrarian structure improvement should have limited access to the pension scheme..
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