PL EN


2009 | 64 | 8 | 793-803
Article title

FROM APPLIED RATIONALISM TO APPLIED PHENOMENOLOGY: THE NEW SCIENTIFIC PEDAGOGY OF GASTON BACHELARD (Od aplikovaneho racionalizmu k aplikovanej fenomenologii (Nova vedecka pedagogika Gastona Bachelarda))

Authors
Title variants
Languages of publication
SK
Abstracts
EN
The paper shows the development of Gaston Bachelard's thought from his early writings to later meditations on daydreams. Bachelard's 'scientific contribution' is characterized by his conception of applied rationalism, and his conviction that a true science must be justified by a rectification process. Theoretical rationalization must be necessarily applied in practice. Similar to an open science, the philosophy of science is open if it is able to say 'no' to old scientific and philosophical experience. This 'no' is not final but it is a sign of openness. Bachelard appears to be the predecessor of Popper's fallibilism. The 'second part' of Bachelardian philosophy concentrates on daydreams or reveries as a profound basis of the scientific knowledge. Our diurnal daydreams are not nocturnal dreams which are the subject of the psychoanalytical research. Daydreaming is a process of our imagination, working with 'oneiric' images. A psychoanalyst investigates the source of nocturnal dreams: our unconsciousness, our relations to the world and other people, etc. This is the horizontal point of view. The phenomenology leads us, according to Bachelard, to a different approach to 'oneiric' images - to a vertical and subjective point of view. The interpretation oriented on sources is transformed by daydreaming flowing from these very sources. The education is a convoluted process oscillating between an exact science and a subjective reverie.
Year
Volume
64
Issue
8
Pages
793-803
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
  • Anton Vydra, Katedra filozofie, Filozoficka fakulta univezity Cyrila a Metoda, Namestie J. Herdu 2, 917 01 Trnava, Slovak Republic; www.klemens.sav.sk/fiusav/filozofia
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
10SKAAAA08198
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.68693aa6-d182-3965-b363-48f9d82b847f
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.