The paper is based on an analysis and interpretation of three memoirs. Its main goal is to harmonize the relations and the gaps between cultural memory and the role of literature. The next aim of the paper is to outline a stratification of transformations after the ruptures of constitutional law in 1918. Memoirs written by Jan Smrek, Jan Ponican and Andrej Plavka represent different variants of approaches toward reality. The research of Vladimir Petrik served as a methodological background for this article. Petrik's historical evidence of literature shows how literary texts can absorb, reshape, reproduce or manufacture structures and elements of non-literary discourses. This conclusion refers to the key feature of non-literary prose.