THE CULTURAL, SPIRITUAL AND POLITICAL ENVIRONMENT OF BRATISLAVA IN THE PERIOD OF MATTHIAS CORVINUS (Kulturno-duchovne a politicke prostredie Bratislavy v dobe Mateja Korvina)
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The period of King Matthias Corvinus Hunyady (1458-1490) is characterized by general stabilization of the country and by the penetration of Italian Renaissance and humanist influence into Hungary. Bratislava was a frequent residence of the king, who conducted military campaigns from there against Bohemia and Austria. Corvinus' reforms had great influence on the everyday life of the inhabitants. The study gives a comprehensive overview of Bratislava in this period. A favourable spiritual environment was created in the city by the Chapter, which included important domestic and foreign personalities. A scriptorium existed in the city, and the activity of the first printer in the territory of Slovakia - Andrew (1476 -1480) - has recently been confirmed. Much information is also given about the 'Istropolitan' University (1465/67 -1490), in the background of which stood members of the Dominican order. The connection of King Matthias and his wife with the city is also considered. The king was in close contact with the Bratislava city council, and they solved various problems together. The royal palace became a place for the formation of a new Renaissance life style and court etiquette.
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