THE PRODUCTS OF THE KALISZ PLUSH MILL IN THE YEARS 1907-2007 (Wyroby Pluszowni kaliskiej w latach 1907-2007)
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The plush mill in Kalisz was founded in 1907. Already a few years later it was the biggest factory in the town and after WW I it became the principal manufacturer of piled textiles in Poland. The range of products has included both cut pile and loop pile fabrics. In the latter group we find brushed textiles with the nap made by combing uncut yarn (suedes and flannels) and cut pile fabrics, made by the partial fibration of previously cut threads, i.e. warp and weft plushes. The largest portion of weft plush production was constituted by cords and velveteens, followed by corduroy, plain and patterned velvets, plushes, felpa and moquette. Among warp plushes there were mostly fake furs, upholstery plush (woven as two fabrics linked with additional warp and cut on the loom), warp plush, warp velvet, moquette, carpets, runners, textiles used for lining and footwear production, single- and double-layer faux furs. Loop pile textiles have made a smaller proportion of the output. Of the oldest types we can find upholstery plush and terry used for bathrobes. Since the 1970s we can observe an increased popularity of textiles produced with the needling method and knitted textiles used for clothing, decoration and toy manufacturing, with cut or loop pile. The sources concerning the history of the mill testify to the great variety of design and colour in its products. Textiles have been produced here of various raw materials, representing a range of types, patterned and plain. The manufacture has involved a variety of weaving, printing and finishing techniques. Products have been offered of varied width, quality and price, which made them widely accessible. Changes in textile types and functions, design and raw materials, observable over the hundred years of the mill's functioning testify to the changing fashion in clothing and interior decoration over the period.
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