Verbs involving the suffix -kod(ik)/-ked(ik)/-köd(ik); -lkod(ik)/-lked(ik)/-lköd(ik); -skod(ik)/-sked(ik)/-sköd(ik.
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The authoress classifies verbs involving the suffix -kod(ik)/-ked(ik)/-köd(ik); -lkod(ik)/-lked(ik)/ -lköd(ik); -skod(ik)/-sked(ik)/-sköd(ik) into four semantic groups and determines the voice of the verbs belonging to each group. The four groups are as follows: 1. verbs expressing an activity, often referring to forms of behaviour, like 'rendetlenkedik' (be mischievous) -active voice; 2. verbs expressing an emotional state like 'idegeskedik' (be nervous) - middle voice; 3. verbs that express being in some state like 'betegeskedik' (be ill) - middle voice; and 4. verbs that express having a profession or function like 'szakácskodik' (be a cook) - middle voice. In the determination of the groups and of their voice properties the authoress relies on the theory of thematic roles and she points out that verbs of the first group tend to take an agent for subject, those of the second an experiencer, and those of the third and fourth tend to take a theme argument. In the course of characterising each group, she also uses the theory of events and states. She classifies verbs of the second, third, and fourth groups as belonging to state verbs, another point that evidences their middle-voice character. Polemising with András Molnár, she argues furthermore that it is in verbs of the active group that a pejorative shade of meaning typically occurs. She draws attention to the fact that some verbs may belong to several of those groups. In such cases, context helps disambiguate the actual group membership of a given occurrence.
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CEJSH db identifier