Rýmové útvary a konfigurace Máchova Máje
Forms and Patterns in Macha's 'Maj'
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The article considers the rhyme structure of Mácha's 'Máj'. It first describes the rhyme forms as passages from which the overall rhyme patterns of the sections are then composed. It then analyzes the morphology and types of these forms and patterns, and discusses their unusual diversity. In 'Máj' Mácha employs rhyme forms between two and seven lines in length (and sometimes, though rarely, even longer ones), from which particularly those from four to seven lines are usually of several types and variations, in part regular, in part irregular. The rhyme patterns are shorter (up to ten lines), utterly individual, that is to say, they always have a different rhyme sequence and combination of rhyme forms. Apart from the length, one can discern also odd and even patterns (with the odd or even number of lines) and especially regular and irregular ones. In terms of syntax and motif the pattern boundary overlaps with the section boundaries; the boundaries of the rhyme forms alternate without apparent regularity with the syntactical units or motifs.
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