Inetymological consonants in early Hungarian place names. (I-II)
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(This abstract covers also Part I of the paper published Ibid. vol.100(2004), No.3 pp. 321-331). Inetymological sounds are surplus vowels or consonants that are added to the etymon, or the original sound structure of a word, in the course of its historical development. Their occurrence in Hungarian common words has been discussed in two monographs by István Nyirkos, but their role in proper names has not been studied so far in a comprehensive manner. This paper investigates the appearance of inetymological consonants mainly in the place name material of 11-14th-century documents. The most frequent cases, as with common words, involve hiatus resolution. Sequences of two adjacent vowels are often broken up by j, v, or h. In consonantal environments, it is l, n, and p that are most often inserted, but r, g (~ k), d (~ t), m, h, j, v also occur. The paper deals with the phonetic contexts of inetymological consonants in detail, it tries to reveal the phonetic reasons, as well as some extraphonetic ones, for these sound changes.
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