Constitutional review as an institution of modern democratic system - like nowadays in Austria - has the duty to guarantee the written constitution on the basis of republic principles. In December 1867 on initiative of the House of Representatives an Imperial Court of Justice was set-up mainly serving to check constitutional standards. The Imperial Court of Justice consisted of a president and his deputy as well as twelve full and four substitute members. The personal composition of the Imperial Court in a striking way did also reflect those elements of character, which its creators wanted him to dedicate. Its members mainly were kept in manifold functions to judiciary praxis and science; but activities at the Imperial Court in principle also were compatible with political offices. Most evitable got such connections with the political world in regard of parliamentary representations.