(Title in Polish - 'Miedzy emancypacyjnym projektem kulturalnym a totalitarnym podporzadkowaniem. Analiza postaw polskich i polsko-zydowskich przedstawicieli lewicy literackiej okresu miedzywojennego w swietle badan Marci Shore'). The article examines the Marxist involvement of intellectuals from leftist literary circles in pre-WWII Poland, especially in the context of the participation of people of Jewish origin in this community. The author critically analyses the subject matter, referring to historical analyses articulated in Marci Shore's book 'Caviar and Ashes'. In this context he points to the political and intellectual diversity of Marxism of the 1920s and 1930s, and identifies the factors that made left-wing radicalism attractive to a large part of leftist Jewish intelligentsia. At the same time he points to ideological problems with tackling the issue of leftist political and cultural radicalism, which was a product of the pressure exerted by right-wing anti-communist ideas prevalent at the time (a concept that he criticizes).