THE MEANINGS OF STANDARD COMPARISONS (Znaczenie porownan standardowych)
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The aim of the article is to specify the semantic capacity of the phrases:'glupi jak but, lysy jak kolano, ciezki jak olow' (stupid like a shoe, bald like a knee, heavy like lead) called here standard comparisons (in the Polish abbreviation PSs). As the detailed analysis shows, the existing suggestions for explications are not equivalent of PSs. The authoress suggests a special formula as a representation of the meaning of intensifying constructions with the structure 'x jest jakis jak y' (x is -adjective- like y): x, if, only for a joke, we presume, that ys are strikingly -adjective-, (i)it resembles y at that, (ii) because it is strikingly -adjective-.
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