UTILITY OF PSYCHOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE IN THE CAUSAL EXPLANATION IN HISTORY
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The causal explanation in history based on Hempel's probabilistic model together with some its potentials and limitations is presented against the background of selected approaches in methodology and philosophy of history. The article focuses on the explanation utilizing general psychological knowledge. In particular, some conditions of inclusion of this knowledge to explanations are discussed as well as the consequences of reception of the metodological individualism assumptions, and the utility of the assumption about the instrumentality of human activity. An example of explanation in history utilizing the theory of cognitive dissonance is presented.
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