The aim of this paper is to emphasize the necessity of examining consumption for understanding of the actually existing socialism in Slovakia. The authoress intends to show that consumption was crucial for both socialist political economy and mundane life despite the fact that the communist ideology privileged the production and redistribution. In particular, consumption was an important medium where the citizens' attitudes towards the communist regime were both created and expressed. The communist party used an increase in a consumption and in fulfilling the basic needs of the citizens for the legitimization of their power. Simultaneously, the consumption became a space for the resistance against the communist regime and one of the causes of its fall.