Changes in literature usually occur with some delay relatively to transformations that proceed in political life. In the article the author tries to answer a number of questions relating to the two spheres. What happened to German literature after the reunification of 1989? How does the literature of the new federal states portray the social-economic-political situation of the Federation? What themes are tackled by writers with stable biographies, who had to come to grips with the developmental trends of the western world as such - globalization, the era of consumerism, the pressure of mass culture, worldwide linkage through the Internet? Are we justified in claiming the existence of one common sphere of literature shared by both parts of Germany, or are there still two German literatures that differ from each other in form and content?