MILAN LICHARD AND HIS THEORY OF SLOVAK FOLK SONG (Milan Lichard a jeho teoria slovenskej ludovej piesne)
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In the 19th century a folk song motivated musical-theoretical way of thinking in Slovakia in a close connection with a composition practice of adaptation and harmonization. The theory of Slovak folk song in Milan Lichard's (1853-1935) work documents permeation of this orientation till the 20th century. Lichard linked to older opinions concerning analogy between folk tunes and historical forms of modality of the European Antiquity and the Middle Ages. He developed the idea to form an original theory based on a comparison between the folk songs and a 'medieval' modal system. On this base Lichard determinated three musical-stylistic layers of the folk song ('medieval' modality, the harmonic major-minor, 'heterogeneous' scales), which he interpreted in genetic-developmental and inter-ethnical context.
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