This paper identifies changes taking place in the production sphere of companies that are the result of technical-technological transformation as well as the application of modern management solutions. It is against this background that questions of production worker participation in decision making processes is considered. Attention is focused on the direct type of such participation - i.e. direct participation. At the same time, reference is made to the social policy assumptions of the European Union as well as the results of empirical research conducted on manufacturing companies operating in Lower Silesia.