PL EN


2008 | 50 | 1 | 11-30
Article title

INFLUENCE OF THE LEVEL OF SELECTED SELF SYSTEM COMPONENTS ON DECISION MAKING IN THE EXPERIMENTAL PDG SITUATION

Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
We used the experimental no-zero sum Prisoner's Dilemma Game (PDG) to discover the regulatory function of self-esteem and self-efficacy in decision-making in regard to the cooperative and/or competitive behavior. The experimental sample consisted of 80 students from different types of secondary schools between the ages 16 -19, AM = 17.00, SD = 1.15, who were administered the Rosenberg self-esteem scale, RSES (Rosenberg, 1965) and General self-efficacy scale, GSES (Jerusalem, Schwarzer, 1981) prior to the PDG implementation. 20 girl and 20 boy dyads, based on a voluntary selection, completed a set of 20 PDG games. We did not discover any significant relation between the selected self system concepts and decision-making in PDG. The result on the significance level p > 0.05 was also determined within the level comparison of L (cooperative)/P (competitive) choice in the whole PDG set between the groups of adolescents with a different level of self-esteem/self-efficacy. In accordance with the L and P choice frequency in the individual games we detected stabilization in the strategy choice during choices 10 - 19: in persons with high self-efficacy towards cooperation, in persons with low self-efficacy towards competitiveness. The preferred strategy corresponded to the initial choice. Also determined was decision-making stability in adolescents with high self-assessment, and that towards competitive strategy during choices 6 - 10. On the other hand, persons with low self-esteem level had a tendency to higher risk, and to search for optimal behavior strategy throughout the whole PDG set. We interpret the findings from the viewpoint of social-cognitive theory and conceptual self-esteem determination.
Year
Volume
50
Issue
1
Pages
11-30
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
author
  • E. Kovacova, Katedra psychologie, Univerzita Konstantina filozofa, Kraskova 1, 949 00 Nitra, Slovak Republic
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
08SKAAAA04358458
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.71b4d06e-2d55-31fe-ad30-1aa9f395a6b8
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