Misogyny has existed within Western literature since always, but one can observe its particular intensification at the turn of the 19-th century. The Teutonic philosophical tradition has created a very special sort of imaginary misogyny. Intellectual circles of Vienna come to the fore in this context. This tendency accompanies the great crisis of Western masculinity that according to many scholars was increasing in that time. According to Jacques Le Rider the crisis of masculinity and misogyny were felt in fin de siecle Vienna in a very strong way. The main goal of the study is to examine the attitude towards women of the most important Czech modernist poets against the Vienna background. The study tries to answer the question if poetry of Czech modernism was from the point of view of misogyny only another copy of Vienna pattern.