The Concept of an Integral Man by Mykhail Jatskow
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The object of analysis of the proposed text is one of the key questions of art and European literature of the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries: the antinomy femininity / masculinity. On the example of the short story 'Nowoczesny ideal' (Modern Ideal) by Mykhail Jatskow - an outstanding representative of the first modernist literary group 'Mloda Muza' (Young Muse) (Lvov, 1906-1909) - this sort of female–male relationships were discussed, as a result of which a woman and a man form an analogue of God: an untarnished communion of souls, Twofold Unity, Ideal Man. The analysis of the work by Jatskow was conducted on the basis of the sophiologic concept of mystical relationships, whose idea, in the modernistic period, was revived and popularised by the thought of Vladimir Soloviov and most vividly expressed in his work 'The Meaning of Love'. The Ukrainian author embraced this concept with the thought of offering his interpretation of the motif of androgyne - widely discussed at the turn of the 20th century - which was construed by him not only as an individual inner unity of each human being, but also as female–male completeness, imitating the Ideal Being.
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