THE REHABILITATION-CLASSIFICATION COMMISSION FOR FORMER POLICE OFFICERS - 1946-1952
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The rehabilitation-classification commission was established by the Chairman of the Council of Ministers on 29 August 1945. Its fundamental tasks entailed: (1) the collection of opinions about former police officers who served during the German occupation or only until 1 September 1939, and who volunteered to reenter state service, as well as the establishment whether and in which departments of the state administration they could be re-employed, (2) the collection of data about those functionaries of the former 'navy blue' police who should be brought to justice (penal court or disciplinary liability) for their co-operation with the occupant, pursued to the detriment of the Polish Nation. Available sources show that the rehabilitation campaign inaugurated in January 1946 led to the examination of 8 247 applications presented by former police officers. Out of this, the total of 556 police officers were classified as non-rehabilitated. The commission itself was not repressive, although it should be kept in mind that the effects of the rehabilitation certificates issued by it were not permanent. They did not guarantee the avoidance of repression, an unhampered choice of employment, or old age-pensions. The authorities, on the other hand, attained at least two objectives: they selected those former police officers who could act as instructors in the Civic Militia, and determined the names of those who could be penalised for their disloyal attitude during the occupation. The commission constituted indubitably one of the elements of a system with whose assistance the communist authorities tried to deal with representatives of the so called 'sanacja (Pilsudski's followers after 1926) apparatus of oppression'.
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