The aim of the paper was to point out the relevant legal institute of expropriation and to explain his position in connection with the legal frame of the intervention into the guaranted subjective rights in context of its historical formation and consecutive reflection 'de lege lata'. In the first part especially consideration is focused on the historical evolution and context of expropriation´s formation in the area of Slovak Republic. In this part the authors accent the fundamental attributes of expropriation's historical legal reglementation. In the second part they pay attention on the structure of its positive legal reglementation after the creation of autonomous Slovakia. As the integral part of the second chapter the authors mark the principal points of the law administration procedure of expropriation's institute and its rules in term of the jurisdiction of chosen bodies of law protection and they point out the primary principles and interpretative rules generated by those judicial activity.