LINGUISTIC THINKING OF LITHUANIA-BASED POLES IN A TRILINGUISTIC CONTEXT
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The hypotesis of the relationship between one's worldview and language has been experimentally verified on the basis of data obtained from Lithuania-born trilingual Poles. The subjects were asked to provide spontaneous associations with items from the same semantic area (table, home, woman, bread, head' etc.) presented to them in Polish, Lithuanian and Russian, in that order. It appears that one's associations to a large extent depend on the language chosen: only 30% of the responses overlapped. The structure of a semantic field in the linguistic consciousness of trilingual speakers depends on the language used on a particular occasion. Having at their disposal three linguistics systems, each with a different semantic and structural organization, trilingual speakers choose the options offered by a given language. In a sense, the choice of language influences the way of thinking and the system of emerging associations.
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