The present paper provides a comprehensive and exhaustive summary of the cross-cultural and cultural psychological research that has been carried out in Hungary since 1960 up to the present based on all research papers published in Hungarian psychological and psychiatric journals during this period. The analysis takes a chronological and thematic approach. It presents how the gradual opening up of the country made it possible for Hungarian and foreign research groups to establish scientific cooperation and carry out comparative research. It pays special attention to the social-political changes at the end of the eighties that resulted in a rapid increase of the number of research topics, number of countries researched and the number of researchers involved in cross-cultural and cultural comparative research. The main goal of the paper is to put together the accumulated knowledge in the field and provide a solid foundation to the birth of cultural comparative psychology in Hungary as an autonomous psychological discipline with long tradition.