Kulturní a etnická proměna středoasijských Korejců
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The principal goal of this article is to demonstrate the cultural and ethnical changes of Koreans living on the territory of Central Asian states of former Soviet Union. The article shows, on the example of Korean minority living in several states how important could be the state interventions for the formation and transformation of cultural and ethnic identity. Koreans living until the 19th century in Korea had, in spite of many regional, dialectic and religious differences, an idea of belonging to the same ethnic group. After the beginning of the outmigration to Russia from northern part of the country due to bad living conditions, there was a relatively rapid (and voluntary) acceptance of Russian culture. After their deportation to Central Asia their culture had begun to change in an even more important way, even though they were aware of their difference and this difference they wanted to maintain in certain areas. Still, they accepted the model of the “Soviet man”. Central Asian Koreans as national minority had a problem with identifying with “homeland”, as Korea due to diverging political conditions split into two states, officially inhabited by one ethnic group, but de facto with two. By confronting the culture of Central Asian Koreans with the culture in both parts of Korean Peninsula we see clearly that in many respects every one of the three groups is very specific.
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