WANTING TO BECOME SOMETHING - ABOUT FORMING IDENTITIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION (By stac sie kims - o ksztaltowaniu tozsamosci w szkolnictwie wyzszym)
Languages of publication
The Swedish higher education system is, from an international perspective, described as an open system. As a consequence, higher education is also an arena for non-traditional students. Being the first generation in a family to study in Swedish higher education is one way to define a non-traditional student in this study. Other ways include: male students in an education where women are in the majority, students with working experience, students with ethnical background other than Swedish, and students with disabilities. The aim of this paper is to understand how these non-traditional learners are forming identities within two educational contexts, and how they imagine their future careers and occupational identities in relation to the educational context. The study is based on ten biographical interviews with third-year students of higher education. One group is studying to become physiotherapists and the other one is studying biomedicine. The first group is studying in order to get a particular profession, whereas for the other group education is a way to obtain more general academic degree. These approaches may influence the way the students are forming learning identities and their perception of their future careers and occupational identities. The processes of forming identities are analysed as a relation between structure and agency, and seen as both 'learning about' and 'learning to be'. When studying in higher education to obtain a particular profession, the students are not expected to relate to academy as such but to learn an identity related to their future occupation. When studying for a general academic degree, the students have to develop an academic's identity. Thus, the two educational contexts in this study are related to academy, though in different ways. The way they relate seems to influence whether the fact of belonging to the first generation in higher education results in clashes.
- Abrandt Dahlgren M., Reid A., Dahlgren L.O., Petocz P., Learning for the Professions. Leeons from Linking International Research Projects, „Higher Education” 2008, t. 56.
- Alheit P., „Patchworkers”. Biographical Constructions and Professional Attitudes – Study Motivations of Adult Education Students, [w:] The Biographical Aapproach in European Adult Education, red. P. Alheit i in., Wien 1995.
- Alheit P., Taking the Knocks. Youth Unemployment and Biography – A Qualitative Analysis, London 1994.
- Ashwin P., Accounting for Structure and Agency in „close-up” Research on Teaching, Learning and Assessment in Higher Education, „International Journal of Educational Research” 2008, t. 47.
- Bron A., Lönnheden Ch., Higher Education for Non-traditional Students in Sweden a Matter of Inclusion, „Journal of Adult and Continuing Education” (Japan) 2004, 7.
- Bruner J., Acts of Meaning, Cambridge 1990.
- Collier P.J., Morgan D.L., „Is that Paper Really Due Today?”. Differences in First-generation and Traditional College Students’ Understanding of Faculty Expectations, „Higher Education” 2008, t. 55.
- Coronel Llamas J.M., Technologies of Disciplinary Power in Action. The Norm of the „Good Student”, „Higher Education” 2006, t. 52.
- Giddens A., The Constitution of Society. Outlines of the Theory of Structuration, Cambridge 1984.
- Goffman E., The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, New York 1959.
- Hatch M.J., Schultz M., Introduction, [w:] Organizational Identity. A Reader, red. M.J. Hatch, M. Schultz, Oxford 2005.
- Holland D., Lachicotte W., Vygotsky, Mead, and the New Sociocultural Studies of Identity, [w:] The Cambridge Companion to Vygotsky, red. H. Daniels, M. Cole, J.V. Wertsch, Cambridge 2007.
- International Encyclopaedia of Adult Education, red. L.M. English, New York 2005.
- Johansson K., Hård af Segerstad H., Hult H., Abrandt Dahlgren M., Dahlgren L.O., The Two Faces of Political Science Studies – Junior and Senior Students´thoughts About Their Education and Their Future Profession, „Higher Education” 2008, t. 55.
- Leathwood C., Gender, Equity and the Discourse of the Independent Learner in Higher Education, „Higher Education” 2006, t. 52.
- Mead G.H., Mind, Self and Society. From the Standpoint of a Social Behaviorist, Chicago 1934.
- Merrill B., Alheit P., Biography and Narratives. Adult Returners to Learning, [w:] Researching Widening Access to Lifelong Learning, red. M. Osborne, J. Gallacher, B. Crossan, London 2004.
- Murphy M., Fleming T., Between Common and College Knowledge. Exploring the Boundaries Between a Adult and Higher Education, „Studies in Continuing Education” 2000, t. 22, nr 1.
- Quinn J., Understanding Working-Class „Drop-Out” from Higher Education Through a Sociocultural Lens. Cultural Narratives and Local Contexts, „International Studies of Education” 2004, t. 14, nr 1.
- Salling Olesen H., Learning and Experience, [w:] Work, Subjectivity and Larning. Understanding Learning Through Working Life, red. S. Billet, T. Fenwick, M .Somerville, Dordrecht 2006.
- Schuetze H.G., Slowey M., Traditions and New Directions in Higher Education. A Comparative Perspective on Non-traditional Students and Lifelong Learners, [w:] Higher Education and Lifelong Learners International Perspectives on Change, red. H.G. Schuetze, M. Slowey, London 2000.
- Scott R.W., Institutions and Organizations, Thousand Oaks 1995.
- Thunborg C., Lärande av yrkesidentiteter. En studie av läkare, sjuksköterskor och underskötersko, Linköping, Institutionen för pedagogik och psykologi, avhandling, 1999, nr 64.
- Universitet & högskolor. Högskoleverkets årsrapport 2007, r. 33, Stockholm 2007.
- West L., Beyond Fragments. Adults, Motivation and Higher Education. A Biographical Analysis, London 1996.
- West L., Merrill B., Alheit P., Bron A., Siig Anderson A., Ollagnier E., Biographical Approaches and their Development in National Contexts, [w:] Using Biographical and Life History Approaches in the Study of Adult and Lifelong Learning: European Perspectives, red. L. West, P. Alheit, A. Siig Andersen, B. Merill, Frankfurt am Main 2007.
Publication order reference
CEJSH db identifier