2009 | 12 | 1 |
Article title

THE HUNGARIAN MINORITY IN THE POLITICAL LIFE IN SLOVAKIA (AS PER EXAMPLE OF 2007) (Madarska mensina v politickom zivote na Slovensku (na priklade roku 2007))

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The Hungarian minority in Slovakia and its representation play a significant role in the social and political life of Slovakia. Since 1989 the relationship toward this minority from the perspective of the governmental policy has become a barometer of pro-Europeanism and often even pro-democracy of the governmental groups. This is a result of the importance of the issue of national minorities within European communities and the European Union policy. In 2007 the Slovak government confirmed the status quo in the position of national minorities. Organisational changes in civil service dealing with national minorities were brought to the end. In the spirit of this program declaration, a process of strengthening position of the Slovak language began in national education, culture and through support of national powers in Slovakia - mainly in its southern part. The governmental policy of the year 2007 was in the sign of nationalism, but also an evocation of historical issues. The SMK (Slovak-Hungarian Coalition) freed from coalition obligations and with a new leadership, raised issues which it failed to solve previously. One of the issues, the compensation of Hungarians and Germans connected to Benes decrees and orders of the Slovak National Council, together with the draft of declaration on the reconciliation, invoke historical topics, the character of which was determined by politicians and journalists. The result was the adoption of a problematic resolution of the National Council of the Slovak Republic on the untouchability of the post-war legislation, which declared the untouchability of acts long since modified. In spite of positive meetings between the Slovak and Hungarian Prime-Ministers, further development brought sharpening of Slovak-Hungarian interstate and intra-state relationships.
  • Stefan Sutaj, Spolocenskovedny ustav SAV, Karpatska 5, 040 01 Kosice, Slovak Republic
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