Imaginárno a pohled (Lacan, čtenář Merleau-Pontyho)
The imaginary and the gaze (Lacan, reader of Merleau-Ponty)
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In this text the author attempts to sketch one version of the confrontation between post-Husserlian phenomenology and psychoanalytical theory, namely Lacan's reading of Merleau-Ponty's posthumously published work 'The Visible and the Invisible', presented in Seminar XI (Four Basic Concepts of Psychoanalysis). Just as Merleau-Ponty creatively appropriated, certain insights of psychoanalysis and, by their means, reformulated some of the solutions offered by phenomenologically-oriented philosophy, so Lacan exploits the thinking of the late Merleau-Ponty in order to enrich, in a special way, his own version of psychoanalysis - specifically, the development of his theory of the object a which, in the seminar in question, is interpreted as the gaze. In conclusion, some perspectives which this theory of Lacan's opens up in the area of aesthetics are adumbrated.
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