A theatrical critic and historian specialized in the puppet show theatre, is analyzing the effort of the first Slovak professional marionettist Jan Strazan. The Slovak theatricals together with the first Slovak tribal professional marionettist, were the building process components in establishing the basis of the modern Slovak culture. The name Jan Strazan was found in the archives in the beginning of 19th century (1st July 1856 Varin - 15 th September 1939 Trnava). He is the founder of the marionette dynasty that has been performing the puppet show theatre without interruption already for more than hundred and twenty years. Strazan's theatrical activity in the 19th century falls into the period after the Austrian - Ugrian equalization, when Slovakia was facing the striking pressure of the Magyarization. Similarly like the private theatricals, also this theatre was satisfying the aims of the national enlightenment through the form of using a national language. Ján Strazan belonged among the middle-European tribal comedians, who were performing the marionette theatre within its baroque tradition, what can be judged mostly by its repertoire, puppets and scene. Puppets that were with a high probability used for performing by the eldest marionettist Ján Strazan, came from the series of eighteen pieces of puppets sized 79 to 86 cm, where can also be found portrait puppets of the family - recognizable and with photographs comparable are at least puppets of Ján Strazan and his son Viliam. These can be seen in collections of the Slovak National Museum in the Ethnographic Museum in Martin.