The authoress presents changes that the Slavic literary studies went through after the collapse of the Communist block. She makes the point that together with the fall of the myth of Slavonic unity that was imposed on the scholarly circles by the Communist ideology within the framework of the Socialist community of states and nations, and in view of the Slavistic literary studies' progressing marginalization, a question emerges whether there is still any sense in further continuing with that scholarly discipline and if so, is there need to redefine its goals and aims. One of the solutions voiced in the article is to merge that scholarly discipline of the Slavonic literary studies into the domain of socio-cultural studies where mere literature ceases to be the aim of the research. Although the risk is real that such practice may lead to drop in level of the emerging works and dilettantism of the cultural studies by the literature experts, it nevertheless returns the correct size to the texts that when confronted with results of the research and studies in the international scale represent low to mediocre level of artistic achievement. On the other hand, their value lies in the fact that they document the consciousness of the societies in which they were produced.