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2011 | 97 | 3-4 | 303-326
Article title

Maďarské snahy o získání Slovenska (Felvidéku) v roce 1938

Authors
Title variants
EN
HUNGARIAN EFFORTS TO GAIN SLOVAKIA IN 1938
Languages of publication
CS
Abstracts
EN
At the beginning of 1938 the Hungarian leadership realized that if they wanted to receive back the territories inhabited by the Hungarians in Slovakia, they would need to have allies, and for this the Germans and the Polish proved to be the easiest to be won over. The Polish nursed good relations with Slovak politicians, and getting to know of it, the Hungarians wanted to put pressure on the Slovaks also by their aid, in order to make the Slovaks to join the Hungarians, in return of autonomy. Poland helped with pleasure as they considered it to be the way toward a common Polish-Hungarian border, providing defence against further ambitions of Germany. At the beginning of 1938 Jozef Tiso and other Slovak politicians were in quest of allies in order to secure the future of their country in case of the decline of Czechoslovakia. In relation to Slovakia´s future, the forms of autonomy, federation and union came up as alternatives. Tiso and his political mates wanted to achieve that the Polish, German and perhaps the Hungarian leadership support the recognition of the Slovaks as political nation, possibly their autonomy or directly their independence. Naturally, these efforts kept changing according to the actual political forces. Slovak politicians held secret negotiations also with the Hungarians. From the Slovak party, the negotiations with the Hungarians could be regarded simply as tactics, but they rejected it indeed, thus these talks ended without success. The first Viennese arbitration redressed only partly the injustices of the peace treaty, but it resulted that the Hungarian and Slovak leaderships conflicted with each other even more; on the other hand these governments became puppets of Germany which could expertly make use of it in the years of war.
Contributors
  • Istvan Janek, Institute of History of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
11CZAAAA09934
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.7884044d-0acc-347b-9ff9-a6fa105eef74
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