Zemědělského družstevnictví a deformace jeho myšlenky v období kolektivizace na příkladu jihočeské obce Hrejkovice
AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVE MOVEMENT AND DEFORMATION OF ITS IDEA IN THE COURSE OF COLLECTIVIZATION ON AN EXAMPLE OF THE SOUTHERN-BOHEMIAN VILLAGE OF HREJKOVICE
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Agricultural cooperative movement was a phenomenon which belonged to the Czech countryside since the end of the 19th century and whose tradition was purposefully abused in the period of collectivization. The idea of kooperative movement took hold also in the Southern-Bohemian village of Hrejkovice where it more times got its concrete form in the course of the first half of the 20th century. On the contrary, the struggle of the authorities to establish a unified agricultural cooperative (JZD) came up against stiff opposition after 1948. As documented by chronicle entries from the 1950s and confirmed by eyewitnesses´ testimonies, the most farmers insisted on traditional private farming and they did not consider changing their statements. Even the JZD foundation after seven long years full of convincing, which resulted in stiff economic pressure and a lot of sanctions against defiant farmers, did not ensure sufficient number of new members for the new cooperative. In all probability, however, it caused four local families to have been deported - three farmer's and one miller's families whose lands and buildings were then used by the kooperative for its activities. The problem with scarcity of members was solved by the next pressure wave in 1957 after which only some individuals ran their private farms in Hrejkovice. The JZD foundation did not change just the traditional way of agricultural production but also the lives of all village's inhabitants; the surrounding countryside was changed significantly as well.
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