Platonic Inspirations of Philo's Allegorical Method
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The paper deals with an original adaptation of Platonism that was conducted by Philo of Alexandria with a view to presenting a non-anthropomorphic interpretation of the Torah. The main thesis of the article is that although Philo's allegorical method heralds a gradual departure from a fundamentally orthodox reading of the Holy Books, the departure was greatly indebted to the philosophy of Plato. The common ground of Plato's and Philo's philosophy is a rational critique of anthropomorphism, inasmuch as both thinkers perceive anthropomorphism as an immoral and socially pernicious doctrine. Philo's endeavor to render reason the paramount judge of any Biblical hermeneutics is one of the very first and most important attempts to free the Western Culture from the fundamentalism of mythical consciousness.
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