The study deals with the past of animal and food health care, as well as with damage caused by animals, looking for the roots of environment and nature protection. The main aim of this study is to highlight the origin of today's dilemmas. The author conducts research into original documents to show the present meaning of old-new topics. The questions arise just like over a century ago. Answers are also similar; only the social-economic surrounding has undergone significant changes. Changes which make it easier for us to give better answers to hundred or thousand years old agricultural and environmental challenges.