The author attempts at proving that the recent discussion on Berlin's 'Centre against Expulsions' should not be considered without taking into account debates dealing with the Nazi regime as well as standpoints resulting from raison d'etat in Eastern and Western Germany. In the case of Poland, the issue of resettlement constitutes a special test for Germany as far as dealing with the past is concerned. The results of the historical research conducted by the author prove that some part of Polish public opinion shows an exaggerated fear of German redefining of historical facts and truths. However, public supervision, along with democratic solidity of German intuitions, guarantees control over the results of the debate. The European Union gives the Poles a chance to begin what years ago was reached by the French, the Dutch or the Danish.